Mount Kilimanjaro


Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, it is highest free standing mountain in the world and one of the world’s largest volcanoes and has its own unique flora and fauna which dominates the horizon for hundreds of miles around its vast base. It makes its own weather and rises in complete isolation in a land of flat plains grazed by elephants, zebras and other African animals. Kili – as the mountain is often referred to – rises to 19,336 feet (5,895 metres) in a land where no mountain seems fitting.

The dry months from late June to early October are cool and dry and late December to early March which is hot and dry. Rain usually falls from April to June and in November and early December when heavy snowfalls may be experienced.

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is located 200 miles south of the equator near Moshi, Tanzania. It is centered on Mount Kilimanjaro, and covers an area of 753 km2 (291 sq mi) from 2°45′–3°25′S, 37°00′–37°43′E. As far back as 1910s, Mount Kilimanjaro and its forests were declared a game reserve by the German colonial government. In 1921 it was made a forest reserve. In 1973, the mountain above the tree line (about 2,700 m / 9,000 ft) was reclassified as a National Park and was opened to public access in 1977. The park was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.

Facts

  • The National Park covers an area of approximately 470 miles² (755 km²).
  • It attained park status in 1973.
  • The mountain is about 80 miles (120km) from Arusha.
  • There are six usual trekking routes to the summit.
  • Equipment and porters can be hired.
  • Nearly half of those who attempt Kili don’t make it to the top.

 

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