One of the most spectacular wildlife spectacles in the world in which over 30,000 animals thrive is this caldera teeming with grazing animals and dark maned lions with double headed sperm and clans of spotted hyena and black rhinos with the most amazing large tuskers or male elephants using it to live their lives in seclusion away from the humdrum routine of daily elephant life. This natural amphitheatre in which the salt-whitened shores of Lake Magadi are turned a pastel pink from thousands of flamingoes sifting algae and shrimps from this soda lake was created nearly 2 million years ago when the cone of a volcano collapsed into itself, leaving a 100 square mile (259km²) caldron-like cavity. This caldera, protected by a circular unbroken 2,000-foot high rim (610-metres), contains everything necessary for a stunning array of Africa’s wildlife to exist and thrive.

The Maasai were the original owners and are are the current human inhabitants and are at liberty to live within the sprawling 2,500 square mile (6,480km²) conservation area around the crater. The Maasai never cultivate land as they consider it demeaning.

The short rains are November and December when it gets hot and humid, and the long rains are from March to May. Typically it is dry from June to October and it can get quite cold during these months on the rim of the crater.


  • The Ngorongoro Conservation Area varies in altitude from 3,315-11,628 feet (1,020-3,578m) above sea level


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